It goes without saying that strategic communications is essential to organizational effectiveness and impact. Without strategy, your organization lacks focus and direction, and is inconsistent and unreliable. Your organization’s communications may even end up undermining or contradicting your organization’s overall mission and vision. Communications strategies are fundamental for every organization – large or small, for- or non-profit.
However, I contend that not all types of communications strategies are essential for every organization. For example, larger organizations working across the globe will have more communications needs than smaller organizations, and may therefore require not only an overall communications strategy, but strategies for internal communications, social media, content, etc. The communications strategies your organization needs will depend on your its size, budget and overall mission, vision and objectives.
The must-have strategy for all organizations
An overall communications strategy is an absolute requirement for all organizations aiming for success and impact. Your overall communications strategy sets out your organization’s communications mission and vision. It clarifies your audiences and niche, your strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, the resources you generally need, governance mechanisms, the communications channels you will use, and other important aspects. This strategy should also address all of the important communications functions and needs in your organizations, such as promotion, stakeholder engagement and fundraising, public and press relations, internal and crisis communications, digital and social media, and content strategy. Non-profits: Click here for an excellent resource for developing a communications strategy and workplan.
Additional strategies: Must-haves for medium-sized and large organizations
In my view, organizations that are defined as ‘medium-sized’ or above should be those with dozens or more employees, substantial budgets and investments that are five figures or more, and large stakeholder bases spanning sectors, nations and/or continents.
In this context, the stakes are higher than for smaller organizations. Working at this scale means that media and public scrutiny is likely higher. And if your organization is working at this level, ensuring your stakeholders and partners deliver your message in a unified and consistent way is a bigger challenge. As such, medium-sized and large organizations need to go beyond the overall communications strategy and develop more detailed strategies on specific communications focus areas. The overall communications strategy should be the foundation and reference point, and any new strategy should always link back to the overall communications strategy. With that said, I recommend developing additional strategies for:
- Crisis communications
- Public relations
- Internal communications
- Social media
It’s worth noting that smaller organizations can also reap substantial benefits from public relations and social media strategies.
Supplemental strategies to boost effectiveness
Lastly, all organizations can benefit from more focused and specialized strategies covering:
- Press/media relations
- Digital communications
- Marketing communications
- Stakeholder communications
- Fundraising communications
- Departmental communications
I don’t consider these strategies essential, but if you want to take your communications game up a notch and really deliver impact, I’d recommend developing them. But do keep this in mind that most of these strategies are interlinked. Some objectives will overlap, so be careful not to duplicate efforts.
Bringing it all together
Developing most or all of these strategies might seem daunting, and getting caught up in developing ill-informed strategies for months on end is just procrastination and not at all effective. Your strategy development process should be systematic and efficient, and the final product should not be a long-winded dissertation. Simple one-pagers or short PowerPoint presentations can suffice for specialized strategies, as long as the work to develop a clear strategy has been done, and the strategy document itself is clear, tangible and actionable.
I would recommend having one master document linking all the strategies, with the overall communications strategy as the foundation and main reference point. In fact, specialized/specific communications strategies can be sections within a 10-page communications strategy document.
Look out for future blog posts where I’ll be exploring each of the additional communications strategies mentioned above.